Dandabhanga pastime of Nityananda prabhu breaking Danda (staff) of Lord Chaitanya – Srila Krishna Das KavirajaGosvami in his book Sri Caitanya-caritamrta, Srila Krishna Das KavirajaGosvami nicely narrates about the journey of SrimanMahaprabhu on his way from Bhubanesvara to Sri Jagannath Puri.
The narration is as follows:
[From Sri Caitanya-caritamrta (Madhya-5, text 140 to 158)]
bhuvanesvara-patheyaichekailadarsanaa vistarivarniyachenadasavrndavana (verse-140)
kamalapureasibharginadi-snanakaila nityananda-hate prabhudandadharila (verse-141)
kapotesvaradekhitegelabhakta-ganasange ethanityananda-prabhukailadanda-bhange (verse-142)
tinakhandakari’ dandadilabhasana bhaktasangeailaprabhumahesadekhina (verse-143)
jagannatheradeuladekhi’ avistahaila dandavatkaripremenacitelagila (verse-144)
bhakta-ganaavistahana, sabenacegaya premaveseprabhu-sange raja-marge yaya (verse-145)
hase, kande, naceprabhuhunkaragarjana tina-krosapathahaila – sahasrayojana (verse-146)
calitecaliteprabhuaila ‘atharanala’ tahanasiprabhukichubahyaprakasila (verse-147)
nityanandekaheprabhu, — dehamoradanda nityananda bale, — dandahailatinakhanda (verse-148)
premavesepadilatumi, tomaredharinu toma-sahaseidanda-uparepadinu (verse-149)
dui-janarabharedandakhandakhandahaila seikhandakanhapadila, kichunajanila (verse-150)
moraaparadhetomaradanda ha-ilakhanda ye ucitahaya, morakarataradanda’ (verse-151)
suni’ kichumahaprabhuduhkhaprakasila isatkrodhakari’ kichukahitelagila (verse-152)
nilacaleanimorasabehitakaila sabedanda-dhanachila, tahanarakhila (verse-153)
tumi-saba age yahaisvaradekhite kibaami age yai , nayabasahite (verse-154)
mukunda data kahe, — prabhu, tumiyaha age ami-sabapacheyaba, nayabatomarasange (verse-155)
etasuni’ prabhu age calilasighra-gati bujhitena pare keha dui prabhuramati (verse-156)
inhokenedandabhange, tenhokenebhangaya bhanganakrodhetenhoinhakedosaya (verse-157)
danda-bhanga-lilaei — paramagambhira seibujhe, dunharapadeyanra bhakti dhira (verse-158)
In his book Caitanya-bhagavata, Srila Vrindavana Dasa Thakura has very vividly described the places visited by the Lord on the way to Bhubanesvara. When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu arrived at Kamalapura, he took his bath in the river Bhargavi and left his sannyasa staff in the hands of Lord Nityananda.
When Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu went to the temple of Lord Siva known as Kapatesvara, Nityananda Prabhu, who was keeping his sannyasa staff in custody, broke the staff in three parts and threw it into the river Bhargavi. Later this river became known as river Dandabhanga.
When Sriman Mahaprabhu went alone to visit the temple of Lord Siva known as Kapatesvara Mahadev, Lord Nityananda Prabhu, taking advantage of the absence of Mahaprabhu, broke His Danda into three pieces.
After seeing the temple of Jagannath from a distant place, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu immediately became ecstatic. After offering obeisances to the temple, he began to dance in the ecstasy of Love of God. All the devotees became ecstatic in the association of Lord Caitanya, and thus absorbed in Love of God, they were dancing and singing while going along the main road. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu laughed, cried, danced and made many ecstatic vibrations and sounds. Although the temple was only six miles away, to him the distance seemed thousands of miles. Thus walking and walking, the Lord eventually arrived at the place known as Attharanala.
Arriving there, he expressed his external consciousness, speaking to Sri Nityananda Prabhu. When Lord Caitanya had thus regained external consciousness, he asked Lord NityanandaPrabhu, “please return my staff.” Nityananda Prabhu then replied, “It has been broken into three parts.”
Nityananda Prabhu said, “When you fell down in ecstasy, I caught you, but both of us together fell upon the staff. Thus the staff broke under our weight. Where the pieces have gone I cannot say. It is certainly because of my offense that your staff was broken. Now you can punish me on this account as you think proper.”
The Lord regained His external conciousness and asked Nityanandaprabhu to return His Danda.
After reaching the place named Attharnala, the Lord regained His external conciousness and asked Nityananda prabhu to return His Danda. But Lord Nityananda Prabhu replied that “it was broken into three parts.”
After hearing the story about how his staff had been broken, the Lord expressed a little sadness and, displaying slight anger, began to speak as follows. Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, “You have all benefited me by bringing me to Nilacala. However, my only possession wasthe staff, and you have not kept it. So all of you should go before or behind me to see Lord Jagannath. I shall not go with you.” Mukunda Datta told Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, “My Lord, you should go ahead and allow all the others to follow. We shall not go with you.”
(The same ancient road, which existed 500 years ago, leading from Bhubaneshwar to Sri JagannathPuri.)
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then began to walk very swiftly before all the other devotees. No one could understand the real purpose of the two Lords, Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Nityananda Prabhu. The devotees could not understand why Nityananda Prabhu broke the staff, why Caitanya Mahaprabhu permitted him to do so, or why, after permitting him, Caitanya Mahaprabhu became angry. This Danda bhanga pastime, of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Lord Nityananda Prabhu, is supremely deep, supremely grave and supremely hidden.
Only to him, who is unflinchingly surrendered and soberly fixed at the Divine Lotus Feet of the two Lords, in his heart of hearts, can the immeasurable glories of this great eternal pastime be revealed.